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In this podcast episode, James Pann, Ph.D., interviews Sheila Robinson, Ed.D., about the topic of surveys and response rates. We focus on the significance of response rates in surveys and the steps that can be taken to maximize them.
Sheila is a career educator and professional learning designer with experience in K-12 public education and higher education, a certified program evaluator, and Certified Presentation Specialist (CPS™) with particular interests in survey design, data visualization, and presentation design.
Why Sheila is Interested in Surveys
Sheila explains that her interest in surveys stems from her background in program evaluation work and her fascination with the art and science of asking questions. In addition, she has extensive experience in conducting surveys and understands the critical role that response rates play in the quality of the data collected.
Response Rates are Critical for Survey Research
She discusses the importance of response rates in surveys, as having a low response rate can lead to low confidence in the data collected. This can result in biased data and incorrect conclusions, which can have significant negative consequences on a study. The desired response rate is not a set number and varies based on the population being surveyed.
Best Practices for Improving Response Rates
Sheila talks about best practices for creating a survey instrument and participant engagement, including:
- Providing the respondent with context and purpose for the survey- It’s crucial to communicate the reason for conducting the survey and how the results will be used. Respondents are more likely to participate when they understand the importance of the survey.
- Being transparent about the time it will take to complete- Respondents are more likely to complete a survey when they have a clear understanding of how long it will take. Overly long surveys are a significant barrier to participation.
- Using reminders to keep participants engaged- Reminders can help keep respondents engaged and increase the likelihood of completion. It’s important to find the right balance between reminding respondents without becoming a nuisance.
- Finding appropriate incentives- Offering incentives, such as monetary rewards or recognition, can encourage participation. It’s essential to find an incentive that is meaningful to the population being surveyed and not coercive.
Impact of the Length and Complexity of Surveys on Response Rate
Sheila also discusses the importance of the length and complexity of surveys regarding response rate, noting that the length of the survey tends to be inversely related to the response rate.
However, it’s important to balance the length of the survey with the need to gather sufficient data. There are ways to increase the response rate by building survey time into program activities when possible. This can help make the survey experience more convenient and increase the likelihood of participation.
Role of Incentives in Survey Participation
Sheila emphasizes the importance of finding the right incentive for the group. Different populations may respond differently to various incentives, and it’s crucial to understand what motivates the group being surveyed. Offering incentives that are not relevant to the population can be a waste of resources and may even reduce participation.
Pilot Testing to Improve Response Rates
When possible, Sheila suggests piloting a survey with a sample of participants to predict the response rate and make necessary adjustments to increase it. This can help identify potential challenges that inform edits to the survey instrument that can be made before fully rolling it out to the entire target population. Pilot testing can also provide valuable insight into the motivations and preferences of the population being surveyed, which can inform the design of incentives and reminders.
00:40 Why Sheila is interested in survey research
03:50 Why survey response rate is critical
05:15 The optimal response rate
07:37 Ensuring accurate demographic representation of the sample
09:30 How to improve response rate
12:01 The survey invitation message is critical
13:26 Transparency in the length of time to complete the survey is important
15:19 Survey reminders can be used tactically to improve the response rate
16:43 Incentives should be used carefully
20:46 Timing of incentives and the principle of reciprocity
23:08 Building survey completion time into program activities can increase response rate
26:17 Importance of piloting the survey prior to use
28:15 Who sends the survey is important
33:20 How to reach Sheila
Check out my previous interview with Sheila about using design thinking in survey design and use.